US National Archives and Records Administration: http://www.datmgm.com. Information Technology Association of America quoting data from FEMA: http://www.itaa.org/isec/i.
Sources: Internal Revenue Service at http://www.irs.gov/uac/Newsroom/Prepare-for-Hurricanes,-Natural-Disasters-by-Safeguarding-Tax-Records-2014
Safeguarding Tax Records
Studies conducted since 2005 by a bevy of research and accounting firms show a clear consensus – eighty percent of companies that do not have a disaster recovery plan and experience a catastrophic failure of their computer systems do not ever recover or go bankrupt within two years.
With the hurricane season already underway, the Internal Revenue Service encourages individuals and businesses to safeguard their records against natural disasters by taking a few simple steps.
Create a Backup Set of Records Electronically
Taxpayers should keep a set of backup records in a safe place. The backup should be stored away from the original set.
Keeping a backup set of records –– including, for example, bank statements, tax returns, insurance policies, etc. –– is easier now that many financial institutions provide statements and documents electronically, and much financial information is available on the Internet. Even if the original records are provided only on paper, they can be scanned into an electronic format. With documents in electronic form, taxpayers can save them to the cloud, download them to a backup storage device, like an external hard drive or USB flash drive, or burn them to a CD or DVD.
Another step a taxpayer can take to prepare for disaster is to photograph or videotape the contents of his or her home, especially items of higher value. The IRS has a disaster loss workbook, Publication 584, which can help taxpayers compile a room-by-room list of belongings.
A photographic record can help an individual prove the market value of items for insurance and casualty loss claims. Photos should be stored with a friend or family member who lives outside the area.
Update Emergency Plans
Emergency plans should be reviewed annually. Personal and business situations change over time as do preparedness needs. When employers hire new employees or when a company or organization changes functions, plans should be updated accordingly and employees should be informed of the changes.
Check on Fiduciary Bonds
Employers who use payroll service providers should ask the provider if it has a fiduciary bond in place. The bond could protect the employer in the event of default by the payroll service provider.
IRS Ready to Help
If disaster strikes, an affected taxpayer can call 1-866-562-5227 to speak with an IRS specialist trained to handle disaster-related issues.
Back copies of previously-filed tax returns and all attachments, including Forms W-2, can be requested by filing Form 4506, Request for Copy of Tax Return. Alternatively, transcripts showing most line items on these returns can be ordered on-line, by calling 1-800-908-9946 or by using Form 4506T-EZ, Short Form Request for Individual Tax Return Transcript or Form 4506-T, Request for Transcript of Tax Return.
- Tax Relief in Disaster Situations
- Publication 583, Starting a Business and Keeping Records
- IRS YouTube Videos
Preparing for Disasters:English | Spanish | ASL
Disaster Assistance: English | Spanish
- IR-2014-71, June 5, 2014